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The Evolution of Enhanced Cooperation in the EU: From EnCo to PeSCo (2009-2019)

Tuesday 13 April 2021
Diplomacy and Global Affairs Research Seminar Series 2021
Online via MS Teams; Code: mfn7eno


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About the lecture

Dr. Antonio Missiroli presents his findings from a previously published research paper on the evolution of enhanced cooperation in the EU. The paper provides an analysis of the way(s) in which the intent(s) and design(s) of a multispeed Europe have evolved and have been applied in practice since the mid-1990s. The first part of the research focuses on the drive toward differentiation in the discussion in the 90s and points to Economic and Monetary Union as its first (albeit implicit) case in point. This is followed by a discussion on how the Lisbon Treaty framed ‘enhanced cooperation’. Furthermore, the paper offers an overview of the few specific cases so far in which those provisions have been triggered and used (family law, patent, taxation, European Public Prosecutor Office). The research then zooms in on the configuration especially designed for defence: Permanent Structured Cooperation (PeSCo) – and the way in which it has been first activated, while analysing its implementation. Finally, the paper presents a comparative assessment of these tools and their use to date. It highlights their correlation with one another as well as the original intent of facilitating differentiated integration within the EU.

The research paper will be distributed to all confirmed participants prior to the DGA Seminar on April 13, 2021.

Dr. Antonio Missiroli

About the speaker

Dr. Antonio Missiroli has been NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Emerging Security Challenges from December 2017 to November 2020. Prior to that, he was the Director of the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) in Paris (2012-17). Previously, he was Adviser at the Bureau of European Policy Advisers (BEPA) of the European Commission (2010-2012); Director of Studies at the European Policy Centre in Brussels (2005-2010), and Senior Research Fellow at the W/EU Institute for Security Studies in Paris (1998-2005). He was also Head of European Studies at CeSPI in Rome (1994-97) and a Visiting Fellow at St Antony’s College, Oxford (1996-97). As well as being a professional journalist, he also taught at Bath, Trento and Boston universities and at SAIS/Johns Hopkins. He has also held courses at Sciences Po (Paris) and the College of Europe (Bruges), where he leads a research seminar at the POL Department. Dr. Missiroli holds a PhD degree in Contemporary History from the Scuola Normale Superiore (Pisa) and a Master’s degree in International Public Policy from SAIS/Johns Hopkins University.

About the seminars

The Diplomacy and Global Affairs (DGA) Research Seminar is a series launched by the Research Group on Diplomacy and Global Affairs at the Institute of Security and Global Affairs. The seminars of internationally acknowledged guest researchers and faculty members deal with current research topics in diplomacy, international relations, global affairs, and political economy broadly conceived and target a broad audience through their interdisciplinary focus.


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