Universiteit Leiden

nl en


The making of a lost generation: child labor among Syrian refugees in Turkey

Thursday 6 April 2023
Kamerlingh Onnes Building
Steenschuur 25
2311 ES Leiden

The Social Citizenship and Migration Program invites you to two seminars by professor Meltem Dayiloglu (4th and 6th of April). Meltem Dayioglu is a Professor, at the Department of Economics at Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. In April, Meltem will be a visiting professor at the Department of Economics at Leiden University. Her research focuses on labor economics, economics of education, income distribution and poverty, child labor and gender issues. Especially, issues related to migration and schooling have caught her recent attention.  She received her Ph.D. in Economics from Middle East Technical University, Turkey.


We examine the effects of a compulsory schooling reform on child labor in Turkey, which extended the duration of schooling from 5 to 8 years while substantially improving the schooling infrastructure. We employ three rounds of child labor surveys with a very rich set of outcomes. The reform reduces child labor by 4.6 percentage points (24%) for 12- to 17-year-olds. For girls, the probability of spending long hours on household chores also reduces. We find that school enrollment and child labor are highly substitutable in rural areas but not as much in urban areas. In addition, the policy effect is stronger for low-income families.

Social Citizenship and Migration

The Social Citizenship and Migration program is one of the multidisciplinary stimulation programs at Leiden University. In the SC&M program, Leiden experts in public administration, law, economics, humanities and social and behavioural sciences look together at the issue of migration. They combine their knowledge of migration in the past, social patterns and perceptions of migrants, and share their findings with other researchers, policymakers and society at large. Find more information here

This website uses cookies.  More information.