Teaching academic integrity
Within all bachelor’s and master’s programmes, depending on the type of programme, attention is paid to ensuring that academic research is carried out scrupulously. For each programme, this is done in a way that is appropriate for the discipline in question.
The Netherlands Code of Conduct for Research Integrity lays down the five basic principles of academic research, which in turn serve as guidelines for all employees and students of Leiden University.
The Code includes the five principles which form the basis of integrity in research:
Honesty means, among other things, reporting the research process accurately, taking alternative opinions and counterarguments seriously, being open about margins of uncertainty, refraining from making unfounded claims, refraining from fabricating or falsifying data or sources and refraining from presenting results more favourably or unfavourably than they actually are.
Transparency means, among other things, ensuring that it is clear to others what data the research was based on, how the data were obtained, what and how results were achieved and what role was played by external stakeholders. If parts of the research or data are not to be made public, the researcher must provide a good account of why this is not possible. It must be evident, at least to peers, how the research was conducted and what the various phases of the research process were. At the very least, this means that the line of reasoning must be clear and that the steps in the research process must be verifiable.
Responsibility means, among other things, acknowledging the fact that a researcher does not operate in isolation and hence taking into consideration – within reasonable limits – the legitimate interests of human and animal test subjects, as well as those of commissioning parties, funding bodies and the environment. Responsibility also means conducting research that is scientifically and/or societally relevant.
In the Code, these five principles are further elaborated into 61 standards for good research practices.
Suspicion of an academic integrity violation
Students and employees can report a suspected integrity violation against a current or former employee / PhD candidate. All information will be handled in confidence.
Procedure for students
- The confidential counsellor on academic integrity is the student's first point of contact if he or she has doubts about the academic integrity of a (former) employee or PhD candidate and need information or advice.
- If a student suspects a fellow student of violating the principles of academic integrity, he or she should contact the study adviser/coordinator or the ombuds officer.