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Scientific Integrity for PhD candidates in Archaeology and the Humanities

Science is based on trust. Trust among scientists and trust between the Academy and society at large. Hence, scientific integrity is a key issue for researchers, teachers, and students at every level. This course will introduce and review the notion of scientific integrity in theory and practice. What is scientific integrity? Why do we need it? How does it translate into rules for academic research? What happens when these rules are broken? What does this have to do with you?

Target group
PhD candidate
Maghiel van Crevel  (Professor of Chinese Language and Literature)
Training course
Lecture + workshop
You may register the workload for 15 hours upon completing all parts (lecture and preparation: 10 hours, workshop and/or discussion with your supervisor and reflection on own research: 5 hours).


This course will be offered online and consists of a plenary lecture, followed by a 90-minute workshop at institute level. The current edition of the lecture is available here: https://edu.nl/c7xhj. Please adjust your browser settings to allow pop-ups.

This lecture will discuss key concepts pertaining to scientific integrity and offer entry points for making these operational in your own academic practice.

In preparation for the lecture, please review:

(1) Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy of the National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. 2009. On Being a Scientist: A Guide to Responsible Conduct in Research: Third Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

This is a brief, well-written book. While many of the examples come from the natural sciences, the underlying issues are equally relevant for other fields.

(2) Kees Schuyt. 2019. Scientific Integrity: The Rules of Academic Research, translated by Kristen Gehrman. Leiden: Leiden University Press.

Schuyt offers a reflexive, critical study of scientific integrity and the discourse surrounding it, from various angles: historical, ethical, legal, etc, with ample attention to both theory and practice. Minimally read: table of contents, pp 9–11, 21–29, 31–36, 72–78, 97–116, and 125–136.

(3) The Leiden University online module on scientific integrity.

Please focus on the sections on peer review (5), authorship (6), open access (7), research involving humans (9), research data management (12), and bias (18).

Additionally, prepare to offer some individual reflection on scientific integrity in relation to your field or subject specialization and to your own research as part of the subsequent workshop at institute level and/or discussion with your supervisor.

For whom

All PhD candidates in the faculties of Archaeology and Humanities at Leiden University are encouraged to follow this course, preferably during the early stages of their research. For those enrolled at the Graduate School of Humanities on or after 1 January 2019, this course is mandatory.


  • Scientific integrity
  • Scientific misconduct
  • Fraud versus error: shades of grey?
  • Codes of conduct
  • Violations of scientific integrity
  • Scientific integrity in practice
  • The rules of research

What you'll learn

You will further develop your understanding of how science and its institutions work, with particular attention to issues of scientific integrity: their conceptualization and the way they play out in everyday practice. You will learn how to place such issues and reflect on ways of addressing them, and you will know where to look for more information if you need it.


This course consists of a plenary lecture, followed by a 90-minute workshop at institute level. The current edition of the lecture is pre-recorded and made available online. For the follow-up workshop please contact your Institute Management.

You will review the study material listed above and then watch the lecture. After watching the lecture, you discuss scientific integrity issues in relation to your own research and your (future) professional practice at large, during the workshop at Institute level and in your ongoing conversation with your supervisor(s). 


You can register your participation to the workshop and/or a report of the discussion with your supervisor(s) under the tab 'Annual meetings and activities' under 'Academic Activities' in Converis GSM. If you encounter any difficulties with this registration process, please contact the key-user of your institute .  


For more information, please check the Graduate School for Humanities webpage on Scientific Integrity Graduate School Humanities and if you cannot find the information there please send an email to graduateschool@hum.leidenuniv.nl.

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