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Scientific Integrity for PhD candidates in Archaeology and the Humanities

Science is based on trust: trust among scientists and trust between the Academy and society at large. Hence, scientific integrity is a key issue for researchers, teachers, and students at every level. This course will introduce and review the notion of scientific integrity in theory and practice. What is scientific integrity? Why do we need it? How does it translate into rules for academic research? What happens when these rules are broken? What does this have to do with you?

Target group
PhD candidate
Maghiel van Crevel  (Professor of Chinese Language and Literature)
Training course
Lecture + workshop
Study material
Detailed information on the reading/viewing material and logistics for the lecture and the workshop will reach you through email ahead of time.

This lecture will discuss key concepts pertaining to scientific integrity and offer entry points for making these operational in your own academic practice.

For whom

All PhD candidates in the faculties of Archaeology and Humanities at Leiden University are encouraged to attend. Attendance is mandatory for Humanities PhD candidates who enrolled on or after 1 January 2019, preferably during the early stages of their research. Proof of attendance of the lecture and the workshop must be uploaded in Converis GSM (under “followed courses”). External PhD candidates who cannot attend may request an exemption from their first supervisor and watch the video recording of the lecture (you will be informed once this is available). All those enrolled on or after 1 January 2019 should discuss the issue of scientific integrity in relation to their own work with their first supervisor and document this discussion in Converis GSM (under “followed courses”).


  • Scientific integrity
  • Scientific misconduct
  • Fraud versus error: shades of grey?
  • Codes of conduct
  • Violations of codes of conduct
  • Scientific integrity in practice
  • The rules of academic research

What you'll learn

You will further develop your understanding of how science and its institutions work, with particular attention to issues of scientific integrity: their conceptualization and the way they play out in everyday practice. You will learn how to place such issues and reflect on ways of addressing them, and you will know where to look for more information if you need it.


You will read/view some preparatory material and attend a lecture at the faculty level. Soon after the lecture, you will partake in a workshop held specifically for PhD candidates in your field (archaeology or one of the humanities institutes). During the workshop, you will do two things: (1) play the Dilemma Game (developed at the Erasmus University Rotterdam), and (2) offer some individual reflection on scientific integrity in relation to your field or subject specialization and your own research, as part of a discussion and feedback session. Following the workshop you will write a short text, reflecting on scientific integrity issues in your own research. You this discuss this text during the next meeting with your supervisor.


Detailed information on the reading/viewing material and logistics for the lecture and the workshop will reach you through email ahead of time.


The workload for this course is approximately five hours. This includes attendance and preparation.

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