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War in Europe: the impact of Russian aggression in Ukraine two years on

Friday 23 February 2024
Turfmarkt 99
2511 DP The Hague

Two years after Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the war continues to cause extreme civilian harm and military casualties and has changed Ukrainian society to the core. Two years of war in Europe also changed perceptions of NATO and the defence policies of European countries, whilst the EU decided to open accession negotiations with Ukraine. Yet, war in the Middle East and rising tensions in Asia have also directed international attention away from Ukraine. Promised weapon deliveries materialise slower than foreseen, and public support for Ukraine is not as self-evident as it was just after the invasion. 

On 23 February 2024, two years after Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, the Netherlands Defence Academy (NLDA), the Royal Netherlands Association for War Studies (KVBK), the Netherlands Atlantic Association, Clingendael Institute, The Hague Centre for Security Studies (HCSS), and Leiden University take stock of these developments and ask the question: what does the war mean for Ukraine, for Europe and the world at large? 

During a one-day symposium Dutch, Ukrainian and international experts will discuss the impact of the war on geopolitics, the consequences of the war on the EU and NATO and what it means for coercion. We will discuss the impact on Ukrainian people and politics and the societal developments in Ukraine since the start of the war. Finally, we will analyse the military lessons learned from a return to interstate conflict and consider the effects on innovation and the defence industry.

Date: Friday 23 February 2024

Location: Leiden University Campus The Hague, Turfmarkt 99, The Hague


  • 08:30-09:00        Coffee & Welcome
  • 09:00-09:20        Introduction                    ACdre. (ret.) Prof. dr. Frans Osinga
  • 09:20-09:50        Key Note Speech             General Onno Eichelsheim, Chief of Defence
  • 09:50-10:00         Speech                              Prof. Bert Koenders, Chair AIV                                                                                                                     AIV advisory letter: Ukraine – steadfastness,                                                                                           resilience and perspective                        
  • 10:00-11:05          Panel 1:                         The impact of the War in Ukraine on
    Anna van Zoest MPhil (moderator)
                                                                               Prof. Jaap de Hoop Scheffer           
                                                                               Prof. dr. Antoaneta Dimitrova        
                                                                               Drs. Hubert Smeets                       
  • 11:05-11:30        Coffee Break
  • 11:30-11:45        Interview                             Dr. Tim Sweijs with Dr. Ernst Dijxhoorn on coercion  
  • 11:45-12:00       Interview                             OSINT student initiative with Dr. Ernst Dijxhoorn
  • 12:00-12:15       Interview                             Ambassador Oleksandr Karasevych with Bob Deen
  • 12:15-13:00       Lunch
  • 13:00-14:10       Panel 2:                            The Impact of War on Ukrainian Society
                                                                                Bob Deen MA Msc (moderator)
    Dr. Olena Halushka                            
                                                                                Julia Soldatiuk MA Msc
     Yana Rudenko Msc        
  • 14:10-15:25       Panel 3:                             Fighting the War
                                                                                BGen Prof. dr. Paul Ducheine (moderator)                
                                                                                Dr. Maarten Rothman                     
                                                                                BGen Prof. dr. Han Bouwmeester    
                                                                                Dr. Tine Molendijk 
    Col. dr. Peter Pijpers          
  • 15:25-15:30       Closing words                      Maj. Gen. Robert Adang
  • 15:30-16:00       Drinks reception
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